Tuplets

Tuplets are when a beat is subdivided differently than the meter might indicate. The most common example is triplets, specifically eighth note triplets, where a beat normal subdivided by twos has three even subdivisions. This is shown with a bracket or the notes beamed together and a 3.

3 8

Quarter note triplets, also called drag triplets, are where the triplet takes up two beats to make three even notes.

drag triplet

“Send her my love,” by Journey has subdivision triplets in the opening guitar part, and drag triplets at the opening of the chorus (1:05ish) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKAxtgtiQaM

Triplets can then be subdivided more getting into sixes (sextuplets), or combinations of 3s and 6s:

6 16 etc

In compound meter, the triple beat can be instead divided by twos and fours. These are called duplets and quadruplets. This is easier to show with notation, but could be either a tuplet notation or written out with a dot.

duplet

There are also subdivisions of 5 or 7 or whatever you can imagine. You can get fancy and say quintuplet or septuplet or whatever, but honestly most musicians I know say “5-tuplet.”

weird tuplets

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